PECT Study Guide

Test-Taking Strategies

The PECT, developed and administered by Evaluation Systems, are fully aligned with Pennsylvania standards, primarily the Pennsylvania Program Framework Guidelines. As these frameworks define the content of Pennsylvania teacher preparation programs, the best preparation for the PECT is to have studied consistently throughout your time in college. The information in this document is designed to help candidates taking the PECT:

For information regarding who must take the PECT and which tests must be taken, visit the Pennsylvania Department of Education website Certifications page Link opens in a new window..

Understanding the Structure and Content of the Tests

The skills and knowledge assessed by the PECT are described in the test objectives that are available on this website. To view or print the test objectives, select your study guide then click on "What's on the test?"

Test Objectives

The test objectives are based on Pennsylvania Program Framework Guidelines and the relevant academic standards. The objectives are organized for structural and reporting purposes into modules and subareas. The Pre-service Academic Performance Assessment (PAPA) and PreK–4 tests each consist of three modules, while the other tests, Special Education PreK–8 and Special Education 7–12, each consist of two modules. Each objective within each module is further defined by a number of descriptive statements. These components are described below.

Plan a Course of Study

Step 1: Read the test objectives for the test(s) you are preparing to take.
Reading the test objectives will help you familiarize yourself with the structure and content of the tests, and begin assessing your degree of preparedness to take the test.

The test objectives and the Pennsylvania state standards documents on which they are based are the only sources that specify the knowledge and skills assessed by the PECT.

Step 2: Read the sample question for each objective, attempt to answer it, and review the rationale provided.
This will introduce you to the types of questions you will see on the actual test, help you understand how the questions are aligned to the objectives, and show you how the correct response was derived.

After you have become familiar with the test objectives, try to answer the sample test questions for the test(s) you are required to take. The sample selected-response items were developed in conjunction with the questions that appear on actual tests and are the best example of the types of questions used on the actual test. Thus, answering these questions will give you valuable practice in answering questions like the ones you will see on the actual test. After reading a question, you may want to reread the objective to see how the question is aligned to the objective. This may help you understand what items associated with particular objectives might look like.

After answering a sample question, look at the correct response and read the rationale provided. If you answered the question incorrectly, you may need to do some additional studying of the content covered by that objective.

Step 3: Take the practice test.
The practice test includes a wider variety of items that will help you to become more familiar with the types of items that may appear on the test and the depth and breadth of the content covered by the test. You will also be able to practice your test-taking skills, and further assess your degree of preparedness to take the test. The practice test is available as a PDF for you to download and print. Click on "Prepare" on the PECT website, then click on "Practice Test" and select your test field.

The PECT practice tests are designed to simulate the actual testing experience. Each full-length practice test contains the same number of selected-response test questions that are found on an actual test and, for the PAPA, samples of the short-answer sentence correction items and an extended constructed-response assignment similar to those on the test. The practice tests are also representative in form, content, and difficulty of an actual PECT assessment. An answer key is provided that lists the correct responses and indicates the specific test objective to which each test question is matched.

Set aside a significant block of time to take the practice test. If possible, take the sample test questions in a quiet room to simulate the testing environment. Monitor your time and try to pace yourself so that you finish the practice test within the amount of time allotted for the actual test. You may want to skip any questions you have difficulty with; mark these questions and come back to them later. When you have finished, use the answer key and the sample responses to the writing assignments to assess how you might perform on the actual test. Based on your performance, identify your areas of strength and weakness (note that the answer key also indicates to which objective each question is matched), and assess your overall degree of preparedness to take the test. If you skipped any questions, note the objective(s) to which they were matched, and plan to do some additional studying in those areas.

Step 4: Develop a study plan to focus your studies.

Once you have completed or nearly completed your teacher preparation program, you should already have mastered most or all of the content that you will see on the test. At this point, the best preparation is to identify 1) your areas of strength and weakness, particularly the sample questions and practice test questions you answered incorrectly; 2) any content with which you have had difficulty in the past; and 3) any other content you have not yet mastered. You should then study those areas systematically and effectively.

While concentrating your studies on your areas of weakness, you should also be sure to do some additional preparation addressing the content covered in the other objectives. Remember, your score on each test module is based on the total number of questions on the module that you answer correctly; therefore, improvement on any objective of the module will improve your total score on the module. Finally, you may also want to do some additional studying in the subareas which contain the greatest percentage of test questions, as they will contribute the most to your total score on each module.

Suggested Study Method

One study method that many students have found to be effective is "PQ4R," or "Preview, Question, Read, Reflect, Recite, Review." After reviewing the objectives and descriptive statements for a particular module, locate appropriate study materials such as textbooks; then apply the six steps of the PQ4R method as described below.

  1. Preview: Scan the section headings and subheadings of the chapter or article you wish to study. Read the introduction or overview section as well as the summary section. This initial step can provide a good foundation on which to build your knowledge of a topic or skill.
  2. Question: Based upon the appropriate PECT test objectives and your preview of the study materials, think of specific questions to which you would like to find answers as you study. Write these questions down and use them as a guide as you read.
  3. Read: Read through the chapter you have selected. Adjust your reading speed as needed; some sections may take less time to read than others. Also, study any figures, tables, or graphics when you come across references to them in the text. This helps to keep each piece in context.
  4. Reflect: As you read, think about the examples and descriptions provided in the text. You may also think of examples from your own experience that are related to what you are reading. Reflective reading is active reading; by interacting with what you read, you may better understand and remember the content.
  5. Recite: When you complete each section of the text, check your understanding of what you have read. Can you answer the questions about this section that you wrote down before you started? Do you need to reread the section or some parts of it? Monitoring your progress by asking yourself these types of questions may help you identify areas you understand well and areas that you will want to study further.
  6. Review: After you have finished reading the text, you may want to check your understanding of the content by reviewing your questions for the whole chapter. Can you answer your questions without referring to the text? Reviewing your questions for a chapter immediately after you finish reading it, as well as later in your study plan schedule, can help you retain and apply what you have learned.

When you have finished studying material for one module this way, move on to the next module, if you are taking more than one.

Whether you use PQ4R or some other study technique, the key to success is to become familiar with the material you are studying. Predict what the content will be, ask yourself questions about it, paraphrase information aloud, relate the information to other things you know, review and summarize what you have learnedóbecome involved in your studying.

Strategies for Success on the Day of the Test

Review the following strategies to help you do your best when taking the PECT.

Follow directions.

Read, listen to, and follow all test directions.

Pace your work.

The test session is designed to allow sufficient time for you to complete the modules(s) for which you registered. At any point in the test, you will be able to see how much time you have remaining. During the test, you may navigate to any question or section within the module. For example, if the module includes constructed-response assignments, you may choose to respond to them first, and then go back to the selected-response section. If you have any difficulty answering a question, you may flag it for review and return to it later, but you must respond to the questions, including those flagged for review, during the allotted time. If your test contains constructed-response assignments, remember to leave enough time to respond to the assignments.

Read carefully.

Do not try to save time by skimming directions or by reading the test questions quickly. You may miss important information and instructions.

Determine the "best answer."

Your response to each selected-response item should be the best answer of the alternatives provided. Read and evaluate all four answer choices before deciding which one is best.

Guess wisely.

Your selected-response results will be based on the number of questions you answer correctly. Attempt to answer all questions. You will not be penalized for incorrect responses; it is better to guess than to leave a question blank. If you are unsure about a question, use your knowledge of the content area to eliminate as many of the alternatives as you can; then select from the remaining choices.

Designate your answers carefully.

Your responses to the selected-response items will be scored electronically. It is very important for you to designate your answers carefully. You may wish to use remaining time at the end of the test session to check the accuracy of your work.

Respond to writing assignments fully and clearly.

If you are taking the PAPA, be sure to read and respond to each part of the constructed-response assignments. It is important for scorers to be able to understand your responses. Also, make sure that you have recorded your responses to both the short-answer sentence correction assignments and the extended constructed-response assignment as instructed.

After the Test

For some test takers, the PECT PAPA is part of your application to enroll in an educator preparation program. For others, taking the PreK–4 or a Special Education test is in preparation to enter the profession of teaching. With the help of these test-taking strategies, you should be able to use the time before and during the test wisely. There are also a few things you can do after the test that may be helpful to you, whether or not you have passed the test.

First, it may be useful to review the list of objectives you used during your studying. Look over that list and mark the objectives that represented the most difficult content for you on the test. Whether or not you pass the test, you may wish to enhance your own knowledge with further study in those areas.

Also, when you receive your score report, you will learn which subareas within each module were more or less difficult for you. Devote further study to the content of the subareas in which your performance was the weakest. Remember that all the objectives that were tested have been identified as important to being an effective beginning educator in Pennsylvania.